The American Academy of Arts and Sciences was established in 1779 by a group of Harvard College graduates. It was incorporated on 4 May 1780 in Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States. It was established with the purpose of cultivating:-
... every art and science.
The first President of the Academy was James Bowdoin who was governor of Massachusetts (1785-87) but also did scientific work in physics (writing a paper with Benjamin Franklin) and astronomy. The Academy was founded largely to rival the American Philosophical Society which had been established earlier in Philadelphia in 1743. However, it was the Boston Academy which eventually achieved national status.
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School of Mathematics and Statistics|
University of St Andrews, Scotland
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