References for Ibn al-Haytham

Version for printing
  1. A I Sabra, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  1. A I Abdul-Latif, Ibn al-Haytham : The geometer (Arabic) (Amman, 1993).
  2. J P Hogendijk, ibn al-Haytham's 'Completion of the conics' (New York-Berlin, 1985).
  3. Y T Langermann, ibn al-Haytham's 'On the configuration of the world' (New York, 1990).
  4. M Nazif, Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, his optical researchs and discoveries (2 Vols.) (Cairo, 1942-43).
  5. R Rashed, The development of Arabic mathematics : between arithmetic and algebra (London, 1994).
  6. R Rashed, Entre arithmétique et algèbre: Recherches sur l'histoire des mathématiques arabes (Paris, 1984).
  7. A I Sabra, The optics of ibn al-Haytham (2 Vols.) (London, 1989).
  8. B Steffens, Ibn al-Haytham: First Scientist (Greensboro, North Carolina, USA, 2007).


  1. A I Abd al-Latif, A detailed article on ibn al-Haytham's lunules (Arabic), in Deuxième Colloque Maghrebin sur l'Histoire des Mathématiques Arabes (Tunis, 1990), A40-A67, 195.
  2. A Abdukabirov, Some problems from ibn al-Haytham's completion of the reconstruction of the eighth book of 'Conics' of Apollonios of Perga (Russian), in Mathematics and astronomy in the works of Ibn Sina, his contemporaries and successors (Tashkent, 1981), 80-94.
  3. A Ahmedov, The 'Book on extraction of the edge of a cube' by al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (Russian), in Mathematics and astronomy in the works of scientists of the medieval East (Tashkent, 1977), 113-117; 140.
  4. A Al-Ayib, Precise measurements in ibn al-Haytham's treatise on geography (Arabic), in Deuxième Colloque Maghrebin sur l'Histoire des Mathématiques Arabes (Tunis, 1990), A68-A86, 202.
  5. T Albertini, La quadrature du cercle d'ibn al-Haytham : solution philosophique ou mathématique?, J. Hist. Arabic Sci. 9 (1-2) (1991), 5-21; 132.
  6. M B Bektenov, Optics of atmospheric and astronomic phenomena in the works of ibn al-Haytham (Russian), Istor.-Astronom. Issled. 22 (1990), 197-202.
  7. A S Dallal, ibn al-Haytham's universal solution for finding the direction of the qibla by calculation, Arabic Sci. Philos. 5 (2) (1995), 139; 141; 145-193.
  8. G Federici Vescovini, La fortune de l'optique d'ibn al-Haitham : le livre 'De aspectibus (Kitab al-Manazir)' dans le moyen-âge latin, Arch. Internat. Hist. Sci. 40 (125) (1990), 220-238.
  9. K Jaouiche, L'analyse et la synthèse dans les mathématiques arabo-islamiques. Le livre d'Ibn al-Haytham, in Histoire des mathématiques arabes (Algiers, 1988), 37-50.
  10. E S Kennedy, ibn al-Haytham's determination of the meridian from one solar altitude, Z. Gesch. Arab.-Islam. Wiss. 5 (1989), 141-144.
  11. T Langermann, A note on the use of the term orbis (falak) in ibn al-Haytham's 'Maqualah fi hay'at al-alam', Arch. Internat. Hist. Sci. 32 (108) (1982), 112-113.
  12. D Lindberg, Alhazen,'s theory of vision and its reception in the west, Isis 58 (1968), 321-341.
  13. J L Mancha, Ibn al-Haytham's homocentric epicycles in Latin astronomical texts of the XIVth and XVth centuries, Centaurus 33 (1) (1990), 70-89.
  14. M Nazif and P Ghalioungui, Ibn at Haitam, an 11th-Century Physicist, Actes du Xe Congrès International d'histoire des sciences (Paris, 1964), I 569-571.
  15. R Rashed, Ibn al-Haytham et le théorème de Wilson, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 22 (4) (1980), 305-321.
  16. R Rashed, Optiques géometrique et doctrine optique chez Ibn al-Haytham, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 6 (1970), 271-298.
  17. R Rashed, L'analyse et la synthèse selon ibn al-Haytham, in Mathématiques et philosophie de l'antiquité à l'âge classique (Paris, 1991), 131-162.
  18. R Rashed, Ibn al-Haytham et les nombres parfaits, Historia Math. 16 (4) (1989), 343-352.
  19. R Rashed, ibn al-Haytham and the measurement of the paraboloid (Arabic), J. Hist. Arabic Sci. 5 (1-2) (1981), 262-191.
  20. R Rashed, Ibn al-Haytham's construction of the regular heptagon (Arabic), J. Hist. Arabic Sci. 3 (2) (1979), 387-309.
  21. R Rashed, Le 'Discours de la lumière' d'Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) : Traduction française critique, Rev. Histoire Sci. Appl. 21 (1968), 197-224.
  22. R Rashed, Le modèle de la sphère transparente et l'explication de l'arc-en-ciel : Ibn al-Haytham, al-Farisi, Rev. Histoire Sci. Appl. 23 (1970), 109-140.
  23. U Rebstock, Der Muamalat-Traktat des ibn al-Haitam, Z. Gesch. Arab.-Islam. Wiss. 10 (1995/96), 61-121.
  24. B A Rosenfeld, 'Geometric trigonometry' in treatises of al-Khwarizmi, al-Mahani and ibn al-Haytham, in Vestigia mathematica (Amsterdam, 1993), 305-308.
  25. B A Rozenfeld, The list of physico-mathematical works of Ibn al-Haytham written by himself, Historia Math. 3 (1976), 75-76.
  26. B A Rosenfeld, 'Geometric trigonometry' in treatises of al-Khwarizmi, al-Mahani and ibn al-Haytham, in Vestigia mathematica (Amsterdam, 1993), 305-308.
  27. A I Sabra, ibn al-Haytham's lemmas for solving 'Alhazen's problem', Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 26 (4) (1982), 299-324.
  28. A I Sabra, The treatise of Ibn al-Haytham : 'Resolution of difficulties concerning the movement of iltifaf' (Arabic), J. Hist. Arabic Sci. 3 (2) (1979), 422-388.
  29. A I Sabra, Ibn al-Haytham's 'Treatise on methods of astronomical observations' (Arabic), J. Hist. Arabic Sci. 2 (1) (1978), 228-194, 155.
  30. A Sabra, ibn al-Haytham's 'Treatise on the marks seen on the surface of the moon' (Arabic), J. Hist. Arabic Sci. 1 (1) (1977), 180-166.
  31. A I Sabra, The astronomical origin of Ibn al-Haytham's concept of experiment, in 1971 Actes XIIe Congrès Internat. d'Histoire des Sciences Tome III A : Science et Philosophie : Antiquité, Moyen Age, Renaissance (Paris, 1968), 133-136.
  32. A I Sabra and A Heinen, On seeing the stars : Edition and translation of ibn al-Haytham's 'Risala fi Ru'yat al-kawakib', Z. Gesch. Arab.-Islam. Wiss. 7 (1991/92), 31-72.
  33. A I Sabra, One Ibn al-Haytham or two? An exercise in reading the bio-bibliographical sources, Z. Gesch. Arab.-Islam. Wiss. 12 (1998), 1-50.
  34. A I Sabra, On seeing the stars. II. Ibn-al-Haytham's 'answers' to the 'doubts' raised by ibn Ma'dan, Z. Gesch. Arab.-Islam. Wiss. 10 (1995/96), 1-59; 7.
  35. G Sarton, The tradition of the Optics of Ibn al-Haitham, Isis 29 (1938), 403-406.
  36. M Schramm, Ibn al'Haythams Stellung in der Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Fikrum wa fann 6 (1965), 2-22.
  37. F Sezgin, On ibn al-Haytham's methods for determining the meridian line (Arabic), Z. Gesch. Arab.-Islam. Wiss. 3 (1986), 7-43.
  38. G Simon, L''Optique' d'ibn al-Haytham et la tradition ptoléméenne, Arabic Sci. Philos. 2 (2) (1992), 203-235.
  39. J D Smith, The remarkable Ibn al-Haytham, Mathematical Gazette 76 (1992), 189-198.
  40. K Stiegler, Ibn al Haythams Entdeckung der sphärischen longitudinalen Aberration, Physis-Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. 13 (1) (1971), 5-12.
  41. G de Young, Ibn al-Sari on ex aequali ratios : his critique of ibn al-Haytham and his attempt to improve the parallelism between books V and VII of Euclid's 'Elements', Z. Gesch. Arab.-Islam. Wiss. 9 (1994), 99-152.

JOC/EFR November 1999

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