References for Alexander Friedmann

Version for printing
  1. A T Grigorian, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  1. E A Tropp, V Ya Frenkel and A D Chernin, Alexander A. Friedmann : the man who made the universe expand (Cambridge, 1993).


  1. A F Gavrilov, In memory of A A Friedmann, Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk 6 (1926), 73-75.

JOC/EFR December 1997

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