History of Astronomy Index page

If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants. - Sir Isaac Newton
Astronomy and mathematics have been intimately linked throughout history, and nearly 600 astronomers feature in the MacTutor history of mathematics archive. Grouped with geometry, arithmetic and music, astronomy formed the quadrivium of a medieval masters degree, based on the second level of the curriculum outlined in Plato's Republic. Astronomers rely on mathematics for handling their data, and developments in mathematics have been prompted by astronomical problems.
List of Astronomers in MacTutor

The following contain links to pages in the MacTutor archive

Astronomical Topics

Astronomical Societies

Astronomy in different cultures

Astronomical items in the "Additional Material" archive

Click on the links below to find out more about astronomy during different eras

Astronomy Timeline from the 16th Century

A Brief History of Time and Calendars

The Structure of the Solar System

The Dynamics of the Solar System

The Reaches of the Milky Way

The Infinite Universe

There are many items of Astronomical interest in the Mathematical Gazetteer of the British Isles including a good account of the Royal Greenwich Observatory and the people who worked there.
If you are visiting St Andrews, the Museum of the University of St Andrews (MUSA) located on the Scores contains many rare astronomical items of interest.

The University of St Andrews Special Collections has a wide range of texts including first edition copies of the Principia and a book containing Galileo's signature.

These Astronomy pages in MacTutor were created by: Ian Shand and Gemma Talbot, University of St Andrews
with the support of the Royal Astronomical Society.
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GMT/IS October 2017
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School of Mathematics and Statistics
University of St Andrews, Scotland

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